Brain Injury: How the brain functions

To help you better understand your loved one’s injury, print this out this page and ask members of the health care team to mark this picture to show you the location of your loved one’s injury or the areas of the brain that are affected. This article will also show you the anatomy of the brain.

Areas of the brain and what they do

Frontal Lobe Controls

• Movement
• Thinking initiation
• Reasoning (judgment)
• Behavior (emotions)
• Memory
• Speaking

Parietal Lobe Controls

• Knowing right from left
• Sensation
• Reading
• Understanding
spatial relationships

Temporal Lobe Controls

• Understanding language
• Behavior
• Memory
• Hearing

Occipital Lobe Controls

• Vision
• Color blindness

Cerebellum Controls

• Balance
• Coordination
• Fine muscle control

Brain Stem Controls

• Breathing
• Blood pressure
• Heartbeat
• Swallowing
• Alertness/sleep
• Body temperature
• Digestion

Injured brain


Traumatic Brain Injury Booklet CoverBrain Injury: A guide for family and friends

Table of Contents

What is a Brain Injury?
How Bad Is It?
How the Brain Functions
Common Problems During Early Recovery
The Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
Understanding Coma
How Does an Injured Brain Heal?
How You Can Help With Recovery
• Where Will the Journey Go From Here?
How Will I Ever Get Through This?
Where to Go for Help
• Books for Families Coping With Brain Injury


  1. Cindy Schmidler says

    Thank you!

  2. Hi,
    This is to let you know of a spelling error in your slide above, under parietal lobe. “Spacial” should be spelled “spatial”.

  3. ALLEN MCGEE says

    Hello, after a car accident it was discovered I have decreased activity in the parietal and temporal lobes. I never had any problems concerning the brain before the accident, after my diagnosis my doctor said which in the proper clinical settings would be consistent with Alzheimer’s disease. It doesn’t sound right to me. Your thoughts please.

  4. Arielle smith says

    I would like info about the brain for a science project I am doing for school. I have dyslexia and ADHD. I want to specialize my science project in that area.

  5. Cindy Schmidler says

    Hi there, and thank you! We’re happy to have been of help to you!

  6. Fortnite Boss says

    This website really helped me thank you! 🙂

  7. Rialet Lombard says

    I had a brain base break. Which part of thr brain does that effect? I know my short term memory had to recover as well as my balance. It is now 16 years later and I have recovered wonderfully.

  8. Bharat Patel says

    Balance Your Omega 3,6 & 9. Every one can maintain Brain good health.

  9. Please tell me what is right cerebellum and right occipital lobe non enhancing gliosis abutting midline secondary to old ischemic insult.

    This my sister’s CT scan report.

  10. Cindy Schmidler says

    Thank you.

  11. This page definitely has all of the information I wanted about this
    subject and didn’t know who to ask.

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