Care of Pressure Ulcers by Risk Factors

Care by Risk Factors

Risk Factor Preventive Actions  
Inability to Move

Bed or Chair Confinement

For a person in a chair who is able to shift his or her own weight:

For a person in bed:

1. Change position at least every 2 hours.

2. Use a special mattress that contains foam, air, gel, or water.

3. Raise the head of bed as little and for as short a time as possible.

For a person in a chair:

1. Change position every hour.

2. Use foam, gel, or air cushion to relieve pressure.

Reduce friction by: Lifting rather than dragging when repositioning.

1. Using corn starch on skin.

2. Avoid use of donut
-shaped cushions.

Participate in a rehab program.

Loss of Bowel or Bladder Control

1. Use absorbent pads and/or briefs with a quick-drying surface.

2. Protect skin with a cream or ointment.

Poor Nutrition  
Lowered Mental Awareness