HealthPages.org | Anatomy, Surgery, Pregnancy, Nutrition, Fitness

Advertisement

Spinal Cord Injury: Function, Nerves, Surgery

by Cindy Schmidler

Share

Spinal Cord Injury: Function, Nerves, Surgery

Spinal Cord Anatomy

Before you can understand a spinal cord injury, you should first learn about the anatomy—the structures and function—of the spinal cord and the spinal column including the cervical spine, thoracic spine and lumbar spine.

Spinal Cord Injury

Advertisement

Spinal Cord Anatomy

To better understand a spinal cord injury,

What you should find about your spinal cord injury

Chart Showing Function After Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Cord Level/Spinal Nerve

Spinal Nerve Connected to Muscle

What Can the Muscles Do?

C3 to C4

1. Neck (sternocleid-mastoid)2. Shoulder (trapezius)

3. Forearm

1. Fair Neck Control2. Shrug Shoulders

C5

Has above function plus:1. Shoulder (deltoid)

2. Arm (biceps)

3. Forearm

1. Good neck control2. Fair to good shoulder control

3. Arm bends at elbow

4. Forearm rotates up

C6

Has above function plus:1. Wrist

2. Forearm (all)

3. Some chest

1. Good shoulder control2. Bend wrist up

3. Turn hand down

4. Weak trunk

C7

Has above function plus:1. All arm (triceps)

2. More chest

3. Some finger

1. Good arm control2. Some hand function

3. Better chest function

C8 – T4

Has above function plus:1. Hand

2. Some chest

3. All arm

4. Some trunk/back

1. T1: all arm and hand2. Better trunk control

T5 – T12

Has above function plus:1. All chest

2. All breathing (intercostal)

1. All upper body2. Fair to good trunk control

L1 – L5

Has above function plus:1. All lower back

2. Some leg (quadriceps)

1. Bend hips2. Straighten knees

S1 – S5

Has above function plus:1. All knee

2. All ankle

3. Bowel

4. Bladder

1. Straighten hip2. Bend knee

3. Good ankle control

4. Point toe

Complete and Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury

The Reflex Function

Advertisement

Spinal Shock

Surgery to the Spinal Column

Surgery is most commonly done to stabilize the spinal column and to prevent more spinal cord damage. Damage may continue to occur if pressure remains on the cord. The type of surgery needed will depend on the type and level of injury.

Wiring And Fusion
Halo

Harrington Rods

Glossary for Spinal Cord Injury

HealthPages.org | Anatomy, Surgery, Pregnancy, Nutrition, Fitness

Advertisement

Share

Related

Advertisement

Latest

Advertisement