Nutritional Needs During Pregnancy

Eating healthy while pregnantGetting adequate amounts of calories to meet your energy needs is a priority. If caloric intake is too low your body will not use protein properly. Therefore, it is important to get enough calories during pregnancy.

Nutrition

Needed For

Major Dietary Source



Calories ~ Fruit, Nuts Meats

Increased Energy

Carbohydrates ~ Bread, Cereal, Rice, Pasta, Milk, Yogurt
Fat ~ Margarine, Oil
Protein ~ See below


Protein

Tissue Growth, Red Blood Cell Formation, Amniotic Fluid

Meat, Fish, Poultry, Eggs, Dairy Foods, Nuts, Dried Beans and Peas


Iron

Increased Blood Supply, Increased Maternal Needs

Meat, Fish, Poultry, Liver, Dried Beans, Dried Fruits and Enriched
Cereals


Calcium

Formation of Bones and Teeth, Increased Maternal Needs

Milk, Cheese, Yogurt, Green Leafy Vegetables


Folic Acid

Increased Blood Supply

Liver, Green Leafy Vegetables

Food Sources for Iron

Excellent Sources of Iron: (2.0 mg. or more per serving)
2 oz. calf liver
1 cup lima beans
1/4 cup prunes or prune juice
2 oz. beef liver
1 cup mustard greens
1/2 cup dried raisins
2 oz. pork liver
1 cup spinach
1/2 cup Total cereal
2 oz. lean beef
1 cup English peas
2 oz. clams
2 eggs

Good Sources of Iron: (1.0 -1.9 mg. per serving)
1 cup berries*
1 cup broccoli*
2 oz. shrimp
2 dried peach halves
1 cup cauliflower
2 oz. dark turkey meat
1/2 cup dried beans or peas
1 cup brussels sprouts*
2 oz. tuna fish
3/4 cup shredded wheat
1 cup collards*
2 oz. lamb (lean)
2 oz. pork
1 cup winter squash
1 cup turnip greens*
2 oz. veal
*Foods also high in Vitamin C

Food Sources for Calcium

Excellent Sources of Calcium: (200 mg. or more per serving)
1/4 cup powdered skim milk, dry
1 cup buttermilk
1/2 cup evaporated whole milk
2 oz. sardines
1 cup yogurt
1 cup skim milk
1 cup whole milk
1 oz. cheddar or swiss cheese

Good Sources of Calcium: (100 – 200 mg. per serving)
1/2 cup collards
2 oz. salmon with bones
1 oz. American cheese
1/2 cup turnip greens
1/2 cup mustard greens
1/3 baked custard
3/4 cup macaroni and cheese
1/2 cup ice milk

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